Open an account Open a demo account. Eindhoven did not become part of the Netherlands until
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Woensel-Noord is the largest, having been the city's main area of expansion for several decades. Population figures for all districts, as of 1 January , ranked by size: Eindhoven is located in the southeast of the province of North Brabant. This area is historically Roman Catholic and the population of Eindhoven was similarly mostly Catholic for a very long time until the late s.
However, the internationalizing influence of the university, Philips and other companies have created a more mixed population over the last few decades. The Eindhoven agglomeration had the following religious makeup in The spiritual needs of the Eindhoven population are tended by a large number of churches ,  two mosques and one synagogue.
In research by the Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad based on the police's statistical data on crime rates , Eindhoven was found to have the highest crime rate in the Netherlands for , , , and In , Eindhoven has slipped down the list to number six. In , in the Eindhoven agglomeration, the following numbers of crimes were recorded: Eindhoven has grown from a little town in to one of the biggest cities in the Netherlands with around , inhabitants in After the resurrection of the Netherlands in and the end of the Belgian Revolution , Eindhoven was a small village of some people in an economically backward and mostly agricultural area.
Cheap land, cheap labor and the existence of pre-industrial homesourcing huisnijverheid in Dutch made Eindhoven an attractive area for the developing industries which were being stimulated by the government of King William I. During the 19th century, Eindhoven grew into an industrial town with factories for textile weaving , cigar manufacturing, match making and hat making.
Most of these industries disappeared again after World War II , though. In , brothers Gerard and Anton Philips founded the small light bulb factory that would grow into one of the largest electronics firms in the world. Philips ' presence is probably the largest single contributing factor to the major growth of Eindhoven in the 20th century. It attracted and spun off many hi-tech companies, making Eindhoven a major technology and industrial hub.
In , a full third of the total amount of money spent on research in the Netherlands was spent in or around Eindhoven. Eindhoven has long been a centre of cooperation between research institutes and industry. This tradition started with Philips the NatLab was a physical expression of this and has since expanded to large cooperative networks.
Also, TNO has opened a branch on the university campus. This tradition has also fostered inter-industry cooperation in the region; one example of this is the announcement in September of a new research lab for high-grade packaging materials, a cooperation of IPS Packaging and Thales Cryognetics. This cooperative tradition has also developed into a different direction than the traditional technology research done at the university.
Starting in , the university, the Catharina hospital, Philips Medical and the University of Maastricht joined forces and started joint research into biomedical science , technology and engineering. This development has also made Eindhoven a biomedical technology hub within the country and its European region. Prime examples of industrial heritage in Eindhoven are the renovated Witte Dame "White Lady" complex, a former Philips lamp factory; and the Admirant building informally known as Bruine Heer or "Brown Gentleman" in reference to the Witte Dame across the street , the former Philips main offices.
The Witte Dame currently houses the municipal library , the Design Academy and a selection of shops. The Admirant has been renovated into an office building for small companies. Across the street from the Witte Dame and next to the Admirant is Philips' first light bulb factory nicknamed Roze Baby, or "Pink Baby" , in reference to its pink colour and much smaller size when compared to the "White Lady" and "Brown Gentleman".
The small building now houses the "Centrum Kunstlicht in de Kunst" centre artificial light in art  and the "Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory of " museum. Due to its high-tech environment, Eindhoven is part of several initiatives to develop, foster and increase a knowledge economy.
Chief among these are:. As a result of these efforts, the Intelligent Community Forum named the Eindhoven metro region one of the top intelligent communities in and one of the top-7 intelligent communities in and The co-locations are on the High Tech Campus Eindhoven. In addition, Eindhoven is a higher-education hub within the southern Netherlands, with several institutes of higher education that serve students from the extended region of North Brabant , Zeeland , Limburg and parts of the surrounding provinces.
Primary education is provided to the children aged 4 to 12 in Eindhoven through a large number of primary schools:. Secondary education is provided to the children aged 12 to 18 in Eindhoven through several highschools:. Eindhoven hosts four different public institutions for higher and adult education, as well as a number of private institutions offering courses and trainings. The public institutions hosted in Eindhoven are:.
The Open University also has a study center in Eindhoven. Among the private institutions is the Centrum voor Kunsten Eindhoven , which offers art-related courses to adults including a DJ-education. The municipal council is the legislative council at the municipal level in Eindhoven; its existence is mandated by the Constitution of the Netherlands. The Eindhoven city council consists of 45 elected representatives from the Eindhoven municipality. These are elected during municipal elections from candidates running in Eindhoven.
Eindhoven politics consists of local branches of the national political parties and purely local parties with strictly local interests. The city council reflects this mix in its makeup. The last three municipal elections were held on 7 March , 3 March and 19 March The division of the 45 seats in the Eindhoven city council after these elections is shown below: The mayor is appointed by the monarch , but the council of aldermen is composed as a result of the formation of a local coalition government.
This coalition is formed in such a way as to be able to rely on a majority of the votes in the city council. Together they have 26 seats in the city council. The council of aldermen consists of the following people: The mayors of the Netherlands are not elected but appointed by the crown. Nevertheless, there has been a movement over the last few years to give the municipalities more say in who will be their mayor, which has resulted in consultative referenda being held in the larger cities to "suggest" a candidate for the post.
On 23 January , a referendum to elect a mayor was held in Eindhoven. This referendum, the second of its kind in the Netherlands, was attended by Nevertheless, the city council would choose the winner of the referendum as the preferred candidate.
The main reason for the low attendance was that the candidates, Leen Verbeek and Rob van Gijzel, were from the same party.
Rob van Gijzel won the referendum with He also has responsibility for a number of specific posts like the aldermen. In the current council, mayor Van Gijzel holds responsibility for the following posts: Eindhoven is also known as the City of Light, due to the Company Philips originating there and because of the several projects involving lighting up buildings of the city.
During Carnival , Eindhoven is rechristened Lampegat Hamlet of Lamps, although for the ironic purposes of carnival the translation Hole in the ground with lamps is closer to the mark ; this refers again to the important role of Philips in the Eindhoven community. Eindhoven was home to the Evoluon science museum , sponsored by Philips.
The Evoluon building has evolved into a conference centre. The Eindhoven public space contains many forms of artistic expression a book published by the Eindhoven tourist board records as of and more have been added since , with high "concentrations" of them in the parks.
The Stadswandelpark for instance, contains over 30 works of modern art. There are also several other works of art on permanent display throughout the city, such as Flying Pins by Claes Oldenburg and Coosje van Bruggen , who considered the location on the southern stretch of the John F.
Kennedylaan to be like a bowling alley and Swing a construct on the Karel de Grotelaan, which morphs into different geometric shapes as you move around it. There is a statue of Anton Philips in front of the central railway station. Eindhoven is also, to some degree, open to forms of impromptu and alternative art. For example, the Berenkuil is a freezone for graffiti artists in the city.
Strijp-S is a place for experimentiation with LED lighting, which keeps the historic connection with Philips' past. The Effenaar is a popular music venue and cultural center in Eindhoven, and is located at the Dommelstraat.
In , the Muziekcentrum Frits Philips was opened as a stage for classical and popular music in Eindhoven, reviewed by critics as a concert hall with acoustics that rival the best halls in Europe. Before that, Philips sponsored the POC. Parktheater Eindhoven is Eindhoven's stage for opera, cabaret, ballet etc. Opened in , it has received over , visitors every year.
With its 1, m2 it has one of the largest stages in the Netherlands. With a major renovation ending in , the new Parktheater will receive an estimated , visitors a year. Eindhoven's Plaza Futura is now a cinema featuring cultural movies, lectures and special cultural events. Especially for students, Studium Generale Eindhoven organizes "socially, culturally and intellectually formative events".
The general music and theatre scene in Eindhoven in the broadest sense is supported by a foundation called PopEi. PopEi also provides a working environment for groups through cafeteria facilities in Strijp-S , so groups can have real working days and provides some logistical support for organizing events.
Eindhoven has a lively recreational scene. For going out, there are numerous bars on the Market square , Stratumseind Stratum's End which is the largest pub-street in the Netherlands, Dommelstraat, Wilhelmina square and throughout the rest of the city.
Eindhoven also hosts a large number of cultural and entertainment-oriented festivals. The biggest festivals in Eindhoven are:. Eindhoven contains several parks and a lot of open, green space. It is also the greenest of the five largest cities in North Brabant.
The green area per house is about square metres 1, square feet. There is also a green area surrounding the Karpendonkse Plas a water area. The combination of park area, water and general atmosphere got the Ooievaarsnest neighborhood elected the "Best large-city neighborhood of the Netherlands" by the NRC Handelsblad in The old Philips factory complex has been transformed into a multi-purpose cultural and residential complex called Strijp-S.
This includes conference and event space, space for concerts and events, art of lighting, space for sports such as BMX, bouldering, and more, a walking promenade, etc.
Eindhoven features several print media. The local newspaper , called the Eindhovens Dagblad , is a daily newspaper with over , subscribers in the Samenwerkingsverband Regio Eindhoven region. In addition to the newspaper, Eindhoven is served by a number of weekly door-to-door publications. Chief among these is Groot Eindhoven which carries publications of the city council, as well as other articles and advertisements.
Other than that there are de Trompetter , dé Weekendkrant and the ZondagsNieuws. The first two are delivered midweek, the last two are weekend publications. There are several regional and municipal radio stations. Local television is provided by Studio Omroep Brabant broadcasts regionally from its television studio in Son. Internet, television and telephone connectivity is available via cable television , optic fiber and ADSL.
The Eindhoven Airport is the closest airport, located approximately 8 kilometres 5 miles from the town centre. The airport serves as a military air base and a civilian commercial airport. Eindhoven Airport is the second busiest in the Netherlands after Schiphol.
In the summer season, Reykjavík is served with 2 weekly flights operated by Iceland Express. Eindhoven Airport served more than 4. Eindhoven is a rail transport hub. The main station has connections in the directions of:. Eindhoven's central railway station is served by both intercity and local services while the smaller station, Eindhoven Strijp-S is only served by local trains.
Towards 's-Hertogenbosch, Utrecht and Amsterdam trains run every ten minutes, on every day of the week. Up until World War II , a train service connected Amsterdam to Liège via Eindhoven and Valkenswaard , but the service was discontinued and the line broken up.
Recently, talks have resumed to have a service to Neerpelt , Belgium via Weert. The A2 connects to the highway A58 to Tilburg and Breda just north of the city. In , the A50 was completed connecting Eindhoven to Nijmegen and Zwolle. The public transport of Eindhoven consists of more than 20 city bus lines, which also serve neighbouring cities like Veldhoven , Geldrop and Nuenen. Seven of these buslines - are marketed as high quality public transport and run with 43 electric articulated busses.
Line to the airport runs almost completely on separated busways. Apart from the city lines there are some 30 regional and rush-hour lines. Like all large Dutch cities , Eindhoven has an extensive network of bicycle paths.
Since , the Eindhoven bicycle path network has incorporated the Hovenring. Eindhoven has two hospitals in three locations: These three have an extensive cooperation and have divided specialties among each other.
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